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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-67

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and associated risk factors among diabetic patients attending Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra


1 Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Purushottam A Giri
Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College, Loni - 413 736, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4855.118662

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Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) describes Diabetes Mellitus (DM) as the most common endocrine disease in the world. The most common complication of DM is diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is increasingly becoming a major cause of blindness throughout the world in the age group of 20-60 years. Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and its associated risk factors among diabetic patients attending Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Ophthalmology of Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra from 1 st October 2011 to 31 st December 2011. A total of 88 diabetic patients who attended the Department of Ophthalmology of Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni during the study period were included and underwent pupil dilatation for fundus examination to screen retinopathy; after screening, it was classified according to the stages of diabetic retinopathy and associated history of hypertension, addictions and presence of family history was also noted. Data was analyzed by using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) 16.0. Results: In the present study, the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 39 (44.4%). Of the 39 patients who had signs of diabetic retinopathy, 25 (64.10%) were males and 14 (35.89%) were females. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy was documented in 71.79%, while 5.12% had proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that prevalence was 44.4% and poor control of diabetic retinopathy. This suggests the need for adequate prevention and treatment in patients with diabetes.


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