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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-72

Awareness of the revised national tuberculosis control programme and attitude to tuberculosis patients amongst medical undergraduates


Department of Microbiology, Terna Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Swati M Baveja
212, Type 4, C.G.S. Colony, Wadala (West), Mumbai - 400 031, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4855.118663

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Purpose: This study was conducted to assess the knowledge of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme ( RNTCP) and attitude to tuberculosis (TB) among medical students and interns. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out in a private medical college among 200 medical students. The students were asked to complete a written questionnaire. The answers were statistically analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software program, IBM. In addition, item analysis was carried out for each question, wherever applicable. Results: Our analysis revealed that all students were aware of TB. They were also aware of RNTCP. In addition to the didactic lectures, students had gained information from different sources such as textbooks (168), case discussion (155), seminar (95), journals (75), and WHO publications (22). The average number of students with correct response was 122 (59.63%). Among the various categories of TB, the correct responses were highest for questions relating to diagnosis (146.25; 73.12%), followed by epidemiology (114; 62.16%), management (130.33; 61.75%), and risk perception (75.33; 28.5%). About 90% students feared the risk of transmission by inhalation from a TB patient with cough. Majority of the students were aware that all smear-positive patients should be isolated and treated. Item analysis of the multiple choice questions (MCQs) showed the areas that required more emphasis. Conclusions: Overall performance of III/I students was better than the rest of the study group. Students performed better in the epidemiology domain compared with the management and preventive aspects of TB. To ensure the successful control of TB and implementation of RNTCP, medical students need to be sensitized by conducting continuous medical education and orientation courses on RNTCP at regular intervals.


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